Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(2,954 words)

Author(s): Bill Atkin | Sean K. Brennan
I. Social Facts The Republic of Fiji is an archipelago of some 332 islands located approximately 2,000 km north of New Zealand. Only about 110 are permanently inhabited. The total land area amounts to about 18,300 sq. km. The capital, and largest city, is Suva, located on Viti Levu. Nearly 75% of the population lives on the coasts of Viti Levu. Fiji’s population totaled nearly 837,300 at the 2007 census (estimated now to be nearly 900,000); Christianity dominates the religious demographic with nearly 540,000 followers. Of these, 290,000 are Methodist, 76,…


(8,113 words)

Author(s): Matti Kotiranta
I. Social Facts Within Finland there are two major churches, which are equal in importance, but not in size. The majority of the Finnish population (5,401,267) belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (77.3% in 2011). The second-largest religious group in Finland is the Finnish Orthodox Church (just over 1%, with 58,584 members). The criteria for belonging to a religious denomination vary to some extent according to the traditions of each denomination. The Christian churches and religious communities count their members using the criterion of baptism. Between 1980 and…