Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Philippines

(9,912 words)

Author(s): Grace Gorospe-Jamon | Grace Mirandilla
I. Social Facts The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,100 islands with a population of 102.96 million (NSCB, 2015 estimate). According to the latest data from the statistics authority, this predominantly Christian country is home to about 82.9% Roman Catholics and several other religions, which include 5.4% Protestants, 4.6% Muslims, 2.6% Aglipayans (members of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI) (Philippine Independent Church)), and 2.3% Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) (Church of Christ) (NSCB, 2011). However, the number of Filipino Catholics appears to be decl…

Pitcairn Islands

(428 words)

Author(s): David McClean
Pitcairn was settled by a group of mutineers led by Fletcher Christian against the commander of HMS Bounty in April 1789. Six mutineers, 11 women from Tahiti, and one baby formed the initial population. Pitcairn Island was declared a British Colony in 1838, and three uninhabited islands, Henderson, Oeno, and Ducie, were annexed in 1902. The entire population of Pitcairn moved to Norfolk Island in 1856, but 44 returned to renew the settlement on Pitcairn Island. Many of the islanders still bear t…