Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Poland

(7,117 words)

Author(s): Michał Rynkowski
I. Social Facts Poland is still a largely Catholic country, as is constantly underlined in the statements of the clergy and some right-wing politicians. However, in recent years a number of social and religious trends have been observed that show growing secularization and criticism of religion, with generally decreasing participation in religious services and increasing criticism of the financial status of the Catholic Church and the lifestyle of some of the clergy. The right to or prohibition of …

Portugal

(8,435 words)

Author(s): Vitalino Canas
I. Social Facts According to official figures from the 2011 Census, more than 80% of people residing in Portugal aged over 15 years consider themselves to be Roman Catholic, despite a reported decrease in actual attendance at and participation in religious ceremonies and events. There are a few other religious groups with some social importance and organization, especially in urban centers (Lisbon, Oporto, Setúbal, Braga): Orthodox, several Protestant churches, Muslims (Sunnis and Shia Ismailis), J…

Puerto Rico

(9 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography