Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

Help us improve our service

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

For more information: see Brill.com


(9,008 words)

Author(s): Emanuel P. Tăvală
I. Social Facts According to its 2003 constitution, Romania is a republic. Romania is located in South Eastern Europe and covers 238,392 sq. km. Since 1 January 2007 Romania has been one of the member states of the European Union. The country has a total population of 19 million (according to the results of the 2011 census), but many have migrated to other EU countries (such as Spain or Italy) for employment. The majority of inhabitants are Romanian (90.6%), 6.7% are Hungarian, 1.3% are Romani, and…


(18,757 words)

Author(s): Ekaterina Elbakyan
I. Social Facts The Russian Federation, in accordance with its constitution, is a secular state with a multi-faith population. Currently the Ministry of Justice has registered more than 60 religious movements represented by more than 24,000 religious organizations. The number of religious movements (including religious groups) that operate without registration in Russia is more than 450. The 2012 report of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation emphasizes that many of these movements have difficulty spreading their beliefs. Russian law prohibits requiri…