Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

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In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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(8,561 words)

Author(s): Gennadiy Druzenko
I. Social Facts Historically, Ukraine is a religiously diverse country with a fairly high level of religious freedom and a rather religious population. According to recent studies, 67% of Ukrainians declare themselves as believers and another 14.7% waver over whether they are believers or not. There is a great diversity of religious denominations in Ukraine. The Ministry of Culture of Ukraine reported that as of 1 January 2013, 55 denominations operate in Ukraine, governed by 87 religious centers and 295 religious administrations. The netw…

Union of South American Nations

(12 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  

United Arab Emirates

(6,693 words)

Author(s): Kai Kreutzberger
I. Social Facts The society and demographics of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have undergone significant change in the wake of the economic development in the region from the 1960s onwards. This has transformed the area of the country’s seven constituent Emirates from a sparsely populated and economically and politically marginal region to a population center and a significant economic power. Today’s UAE population of, according to UN estimates, close to 8.5 million represents a 120-fold increase …

United Kingdom

(8,624 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Social Facts The United Kingdom comprises four distinct countries which differ in many respects, including religious history and allegiance. The Kingdom of England had at the time of the census taken in 2011 some 53 million inhabitants. The Principality of Wales had just over 3 million; although there has been since 1998 a Welsh Assembly with limited powers, England and Wales are often treated for statistical purposes as a single unit. The Kingdom of Scotland, with some 5 million people, has ret…

United Nations

(7,769 words)

Author(s): Nazila Ghanea
I. Historical Background The Charter of the United Nations, signed in San Francisco in 1945, dedicated the new institution to the maintenance of international peace and security (Art. 1.1). In stipulating a variety of purposes to seek to fulfill this objective, the Charter also recognizes the purpose of “promoting and encouraging respect of human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction” (Art. 1.3). It also tasks the UN General Assembly to initiate studies and make recommenda…

United States

(15,947 words)

Author(s): Ashley Isaacson Woolley
I. Social Facts The United States (pop. 320 million) is one of the most diverse countries in the world, due to widespread continuous immigration since before the country’s founding and a general commitment to pluralism and tolerance as national values. The United States is perhaps the most religiously complex country in the world in terms of the number and types of religious affiliations. The US Census does not collect information regarding religious affiliation, but several detailed studies have b…