Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online

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General Editor: Seokwoo Lee

Incorporating the work of numerous leading scholars, the Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online provides a detailed description of the practice and implementation of international law in various Asian states. The Encyclopedia covers the introduction of Western international law and the resulting shift from the older Asian order; the development of modern international law; and the impact that all of this has had on Asian states. Each jurisdiction included in the Encyclopedia follows a standard structure for the broadest comparative advantage and starts with a Country Snapshot (Date of Independence, Date of Admission to the United Nations, Geographical Size, Population, Demographic Information, Form of Government, System of Law), followed by a State Report Overview (Executive summary of state report, Key highlights of unique state practice).

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1. Japanese History of International Law

(5,280 words)

Author(s): Nishi, Taira
1.1 International Law Scholarship (Pre-War Period)Japanese scholarship on international law began with the translation and introduction of European and American books on the subject. Facing the pressure of the gunboat diplomacy of Western Powers, the Tokugawa regime dispatched Amane Nishi (1829–97) to the Netherlands to absorb the knowledge of Western law and politics. Nishi studied under Professor Simon Vissering (1818–88) at Leiden University from 1862 to 1866, and Nishi, after coming back to Japan…

22. Japan-U.S. Relations

(4,709 words)

Author(s): Arai, Kyo
22.1 Japan-U.S. Security Treaty of 1951The Pacifist Constitution of Japan, promulgated in 1946 under the supervision of the Allied Powers, generated a serious concern both for Japan and the US about a security gap, when the countries moved to conclude the Treaty of Peace, terminating the state of war between Japan and the Allied Powers. Accordingly, the Security Treaty between the United States and Japan was concluded on the same day, September 8, 1951, as the conclusion of the Peace Treaty, to fill …