Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online

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General Editor: Seokwoo Lee

Incorporating the work of numerous leading scholars, the Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online provides a detailed description of the practice and implementation of international law in various Asian states. The Encyclopedia covers the introduction of Western international law and the resulting shift from the older Asian order; the development of modern international law; and the impact that all of this has had on Asian states. Each jurisdiction included in the Encyclopedia follows a standard structure for the broadest comparative advantage and starts with a Country Snapshot (Date of Independence, Date of Admission to the United Nations, Geographical Size, Population, Demographic Information, Form of Government, System of Law), followed by a State Report Overview (Executive summary of state report, Key highlights of unique state practice).

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21. War, Peace & Neutrality | Japan

(3,541 words)

Author(s): Wani, Kentaro
21.1 The Allied Occupation of Japan at the End of World War IIJapan started the Asia-Pacific War by attacking Pearl Harbor and the British Malaya on December 8, 1941. Hostilities between Japan and the Allied Powers was ended by Japan’s acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration on August 14, 1945, and the signature of the Instrument of Surrender on September 2, 1945. Paragraph 7 of the Potsdam Declaration provides that “points in Japanese territory to be designated by the Allies shall be occupied to secure the a…