Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online

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General Editor: Seokwoo Lee

Incorporating the work of numerous leading scholars, the Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia Online provides a detailed description of the practice and implementation of international law in various Asian states. The Encyclopedia covers the introduction of Western international law and the resulting shift from the older Asian order; the development of modern international law; and the impact that all of this has had on Asian states. Each jurisdiction included in the Encyclopedia follows a standard structure for the broadest comparative advantage and starts with a Country Snapshot (Date of Independence, Date of Admission to the United Nations, Geographical Size, Population, Demographic Information, Form of Government, System of Law), followed by a State Report Overview (Executive summary of state report, Key highlights of unique state practice).

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21. Asylum & Migration | Iran

(3,534 words)

Author(s): Keyhanlou, Fatemeh | Jadali, Safinaz
21.1 The Definition of Refugee in the Iranian Legal SystemBeing adopted thirteen years before acceding to the Refugee Convention, the Refugee Ordinance of 17 December 1963 was the first Iranian regulation on the issue of the refugee. In its first Article, the Refugee Ordinance provided that a refugee is a person who, owing to fear of his own or family members being under his guardianship’s life or for being tortured for reasons of political opinion, religion, race, or membership of a particular social gr…