Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

More information: Brill.com

Da Clauses/Connectives

(5,206 words)

Author(s): Grković-Major, Jasmina
Slavic  da, originating from the Proto-Slavic particle * da, has a wide range of roles in Slavic languages, functioning as a particle, a conjunction, and a complementizer. The major division in its usage, neglecting minor diatopic variation, is between North Slavic and South Slavic. Across the North Slavic languages, West Slavic is the most conservative in this respect, where  da did not spread beyond its Proto-Slavic function: it is historically attested as a particle but has almost completely disappeared today. In East Slavic,  da, besides being a particle, further develope…
Date: 2022-03-04

Dalmatian Romance (forthcoming)

(5 words)

Author(s): Ligorio, Orsat
forthcoming Orsat Ligorio
Date: 2022-03-04

DAM

(6 words)

See Differential Argument Marking (DAM).
Date: 2022-03-04

Day Names

(795 words)

Author(s): Reindl, Donald
The Slavic system of day names is a historical hybrid: an older numerical five-day week (Monday–Friday) was expanded by two days (Saturday and Sunday) into a seven-day week with the adoption of Christianity. The semantic bases of the day names are uniform across the Slavic languages with the sole exception of Ru voskresenʹe ‘Sunday’, lit. ‘resurrection (day)’.Monday (PSl * ponedělьnikъ ‘after Sunday’; see below) is a compound, possibly modeled on Go afarsabbatē dags ‘Sunday’, lit. ‘after the Sabbath’ (or Gr προσάββατον prosábbaton ‘Friday’, lit. ‘before the Sabbath’; Buck 19…
Date: 2022-03-04

Definiteness (Morphological)

(2,578 words)

Author(s): Mendoza, Imke
Definiteness is a discourse-semantic property of the noun phrase that distinguishes identifiable and nonidentifiable referents. It is closely intertwined with the referential properties of a noun phrase, on the one hand, and the grammatical category, on the other hand. Discourse-pragmatic definiteness in Slavic languages is expressed by a variety of linguistic means, not only by a rich system of definite and indefinite pronouns but also by more implicit indicators such as information structure, …
Date: 2022-03-04

Degree

(3 words)

See Comparison.
Date: 2022-03-04

Deixis

(6,135 words)

Author(s): Mendoza, Imke
Deixis is the study of expressions such as “I,” “you,” “here,” “there,” “this,” and “that,” i.e., expressions that have no meaningful interpretation outside a communicative event. The article first discusses the notions and concepts that are related to the term “deixis”: indexicality, shifter, egocentric expression, deictic shift, secondary deixis, endophora, and anaphora. It then describes the main deictic dimensions of language, namely space, time, person, social relations, and discou…
Date: 2022-03-04

Derivation

(6,712 words)

Author(s): Petrukhina, Elena | Karpilovska, Ievgeniia
Derivation as the process and the result of formation in a language of any secondary unit from the original one is analyzed on the basis of language material from the majority of Slavic languages. The article discusses a number of authoritative theories in Slavic studies, which have influenced research into derivation processes in word formation, morphology, lexical semantics, phraseology, and syntax in Slavic languages. The focus of attention is word-formative derivation, the interpretation of …
Date: 2022-03-04

De Saussure’s Law

(452 words)

Author(s): Kapović, Mate
De Saussure’s law normally denotes a progressive accentual shift from a nonacute to an acute syllable in various interpretations of historical Schools of Balto-Slavic Accentology – cf. Li * blùsā (with the first syllable short/circumflex and the second acute) > * blusā́ (with the final syllable accented and acute), which is later shortened to the attested blusà ‘flea’ by Leskien’s law.In pre-Stangian accentology (and still today in some nonmainstream approaches to Balto-Slavic accentology that reject Stang), de Saussure’s law was often taken to operate …
Date: 2022-03-04