Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

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Jakobsonian Linguistics

(5,080 words)

Author(s): Andrews, Edna
The intellectual development of 20th-century linguistics from philology to the empirical social sciences was due in large part to the efforts of Roman Jakobson (1896–1982) and the important communities of linguists and scholars with whom he served as a leading member across several countries and continents. The article discusses Jakobson’s most important theoretical contributions to linguistics and the social sciences, including markedness theory, modeling of speech acts and communication, prima…
Date: 2022-03-04

Jako Recitativum

(3,296 words)

Author(s): Pizzo, Pino Marco
The article discusses the jako recitativum, which is a phenomenon linked mainly to reported speech in Old Church Slavic and Old East Slavic. For this purpose, a general outline of the research history on recitativa is first traced. Starting from work on the Biblical Hebrew kî recitativum in the late 19th century, with its roots in exegetic studies, and including work on the (Biblical) Greek ὅτι recitativum, the outline covers developments until the early 21st century. The  overview ends with a summary of research on jako recitativum within Slavic studies from the mid-20th century…
Date: 2022-03-04

Jat

(1,842 words)

Author(s): Popov, Mikhail B.
Jat refers to a vowel phoneme of the late Proto-Slavic and older varieties of Slavic languages. In transcription, the symbol  ě taken from the Czech alphabet is used. The /ě/-phoneme is called  jat after the name (apparently from Old Church Slavic  ědь ‘food’) of the Glagolitic Ⱑ and Cyrillic Ѣ  ě-letter that symbolized it in Old Church Slavic writing. PSl * ě originated from the merger of two phonemes, * ě₁ (< * ē) and * ě₂ (< * ai̯). The phonetic value of the /ě/-phoneme and its place in the sound patterns of late Proto-Slavic dialects is a matter of dispute. Reflexes of * ě in modern Sl…
Date: 2022-03-04

Jazyčie

(788 words)

Author(s): Kanter, Reagan
Jazyčie (язичіє) broadly refers to the hybrid literary norms propagated initially by the Greek Catholic clergy and later by proponents of the Russophile movement in the areas of Galicia, Transcarpathia, and Bukovyna from the early 18th to the early 20th centuries (Moser 2004: 124). Its pejorative connotation came about in the mid-19th century as the Ukrainophile movement and the vernacular Ukrainian standard took hold in Galicia (Danylenko 2016: 83–85).The term jazyčie (язичіє) broadly refers to the hybrid literary norms propagated initially by the Greek Catholic …
Date: 2022-03-04

Jer

(3,263 words)

Author(s): Popov, Mikhail B.
Jers refer to two vowel phonemes of the late Proto-Slavic and old Slavic languages, namely back  jer (/ъ/) and front  jer (/ь/). In phonetic transcription, the symbols  ъ and  ь taken from the Cyrillic alphabet are used. The  jer phonemes are called  jerˈˈ ( ъ) and  jerˈ ( ь) by the names of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic  jer letters (OCS  jerъ and  jerь) that symbolized /ъ/ and /ь/ in Old Church Slavic writing. Late PSl * ъ, * ь originated from the early PSl * ŭĭ as a result of lowering. Later, the  jer phonemes underwent the so-called  jer shift, when in some positions (“weak”),  jers…
Date: 2022-03-04