Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

More information: Brill.com

L1 Acquisition

(5 words)

See First-Language Acquisition.
Date: 2022-03-04

Labile (Ambitransitive) Verbs

(7,286 words)

Author(s): Letuchiy, Alexander
Labile verbs are verbs that can be used as transitives or intransitives with no formal change. There are no large classes of P-labile verbs (both uses have a patient, but only the transitive one has an agent) in most Slavic languages, usually there are only at most several dozen labile lexemes. The destruction verb class that tends to be labile in English, German, and some other European languages is strictly transitive in Slavic. Lability is mainly found with motion verbs, phasal verbs, and sou…
Date: 2022-03-04

Lachian

(6 words)

See Silesian (in Czech Republic)/Lachian.
Date: 2022-03-04

Lachian

(5 words)

See Silesian (in Czech Republic)/Lachian.
Date: 2022-03-04

Language Accommodation and Assimilation

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Eckert, Eva
This article is concerned with the concept of speakers’ accommodation in several of its theoretical overlaps in the field of sociolinguistics and communication, i.e., assimilation and acculturation of immigrants, contact between speakers of majority and speakers of minority languages, code-switching as a strategy for moving toward or away from another speaker, language values and attitudes reflected not only in speakers’ language behaviors but also in their lexicons and choice of grammar pattern…
Date: 2022-03-04

Language Loss

(14,509 words)

Author(s): Cope, Lida | Dittmann, Robert
This entry focuses on language shift and loss in the Czech diaspora. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the most notable historically Czech communities around the world, explains the major types of mass emigration, reviews available research on the key historically Czech metropolitan centers and rural communities, features Texas Czech as one well examined diasporic variety, and offers some contrastive and general observations on language change in the Czech diaspora. Czech in the DiasporaIntroduction: language contact, shift, and lossIt is estimated that nearly h…
Date: 2022-03-04

Language Rights (forthcoming)

(6 words)

Author(s): Gliha Komac, Nataša | Ježovnik, Janoš
forthcomingNataša Gliha KomacJanoš Ježovnik
Date: 2022-03-04

Latin Scripts in West Slavic, History of

(5,840 words)

Author(s): Jasińska, Katarzyna | Rzepiela, Michał
Entering the Western cultural circle by adopting Christianity in the Roman rite meant that the West Slavic languages Czech, Polish (including Kashubian and Silesian), and Slovak, as well Upper and Lower Sorbian, began using the Latin alphabet to record their speech. However, the script was not sufficient to fully represent the phonetically different sounds of the Slavic languages. Therefore, since the beginning of their written history, West Slavic languages have adapted the Latin alpha…
Date: 2022-03-04

Law of Open Syllables (Rising Sonority)

(3,937 words)

Author(s): Feldstein, Ronald
The law of open syllables refers to a series of Late Common Slavic rules that specified that syllables must end in a vowel, rather than a consonant. Since many originally inherited syllables did not end in a vowel, the open-syllable law led to significant changes in the shape of the language. Open syllables and rising sonority in SlavicThe law of open syllables refers to a series of Late Common Slavic rules that specified that syllables must end in a vowel, rather than a consonant. Since many originally inherited syllables did not end in a vowel, the…
Date: 2022-03-04

Lemko

(3 words)

See Carpatho-Rusyn.
Date: 2022-03-04

Leningrad School

(10 words)

See Functional Grammar (Leningrad / St. Petersburg School).
Date: 2022-03-04

Lexeme

(3,495 words)

Author(s): Spencer, Andrew | Wiemer, Björn
The lexeme” has occupied center stage in Russian structuralist theories of morphology and its interface with lexicology. The article traces the history of this notion, its different treatments in Russian linguistics, which has influenced grammatical and lexicographic theory in other Slavic-speaking countries, and how these approaches differ from approaches outside of Slavic linguistics. “Lexeme” is intimately connected to the notion of paradigm and, thus, important for a classification of gramma…
Date: 2022-03-04

Lexical Functions (forthcoming)

(6 words)

Author(s): Mel'čuk, Igor' | Iomdin, Leonid
forthcomingIgor' Mel'čukLeonid Iomdin
Date: 2022-03-04

Lexicalization

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Arsenijević, Boban
The notionThe term “lexicalization” is used in linguistics with a range of different meanings, among which the following two are the most prominent.The term is used to refer to the realization in a certain language of a certain concept with a single word, as well as to the question of what grammatical properties this word will have (e.g., Talmy 1985). In this sense, for instance, Russian and BCMS can be contrasted in respect of the lexicalization of the concept of a day and night (a day of 24 hours). In Russian, this concept is lexicalized by the word sutki, while in BCMS it has no reserved …
Date: 2022-03-04

Lexical Semantics (forthcoming)

(6 words)

Author(s): Apresjan, Valentina | Iomdin, Boris
forthcomingValentina ApresjanBoris Iomdin
Date: 2022-03-04

Lexical Typology

(7,822 words)

Author(s): Reznikova, Tat'jana
The article summarizes the findings of studies on lexical typology in Slavic languages. It addresses: (1) the degree of lexical similarity within the Slavic group and (2) the typological peculiarities of the Slavic languages in comparison with the languages of other groups. Drawing data from typological research on various semantic domains, I show that (1) the principles of segmenting fields in individual languages are typically dissimilar: even if а field features cognates between languages, th…
Date: 2022-03-04
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