Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

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Palatalization

(3,438 words)

Author(s): Feldstein, Ronald
This article reviews the topic of Common Slavic palatalizations, starting with an explanation of the difference between palatal and palatalized consonants and the inherent ambiguity of the term “palatalization.” Next, there is a review of the three velar palatalizations and the jot palatalizations of Common Slavic. In each case, the processes are categorized into their subtypes and geographical zones. After each type of palatalization, tables present the major Slavic reflexes of each sound change.Introduction: Palatal and palatalized consonantsSince Common Slavic and the…
Date: 2022-03-04

Pannonian (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Greenberg, Marc L.
forthcomingMarc L. Greenberg
Date: 2022-03-04

Pannonian Rusyn

(4,274 words)

Author(s): Habijanec, Siniša
The Pannonian Rusyn language (also known as Bačka Rusyn, Bačka-Syrmia Rusyn, Vojvodinian Rusyn, Yugoslavian Rusyn, or South Rusyn language) is a Slavic microlanguage probably of East Slovak origin, spoken by circa 13,000 people in the province of Vojvodina in Serbia and in adjacent parts of Croatia as well. Pannonian Rusyn is the language of Greek Catholic settlers – Rusnaks – who had come from the northeastern parts of the Kingdom of Hungary to the Bačka region of Vojvodina in the mid-18th century and in later waves. The language is called  ruski  jazik or  ruska bešeda by its speakers. T…
Date: 2022-03-04

Parentheticals

(5,886 words)

Author(s): Sonnenhauser, Barbara
Generally speaking, parenthetical structures constitute insertions into some host structure without being syntactically integrated into it. This syntactic non-integration and the question of their semantic and pragmatic contribution are among the main challenges for the linguistic description of these structures. Owing to their primarily performance-based character, parentheticals are not consistently mentioned in grammar writing and, for the most part, regarded as not exhibiting langua…
Date: 2022-03-04

Paronyms (forthcoming)

(5 words)

Author(s): Reuther, Tilmann | Dubichynskyi, Volodymyr
forthcoming Tilmann ReutherVolodymyr Dubichynskyi
Date: 2022-03-04

L-Participle

(4,752 words)

Author(s): Bláha, Ondřej
An l-participle, or rather l-form (from the synchronic point of view), is a verb form derived by the suffix -l- from an infinitive verb stem. In order to express the subject-predicate agreement, a gender and number ending is added to this complex. The l-form together with various types of auxiliary verbs constitute the analytical form of the preterite (e.g., Ru ja rabotal ‘I worked’) that evolved from the Common Slavic perfect tense. In those Slavic languages ​​that have multiple forms for expressing the past, the l-participle and auxiliary verb constitute the perfect tenses (e.g., Bg sa …
Date: 2022-03-04

Particles (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Nekula, Marek
forthcomingMarek Nekula
Date: 2022-03-04

Passive

(8,530 words)

Author(s): Say, Sergey
A canonical (or full rearranging) passive conveys the same propositional content as its active counterpart, but differs from it in three respects: (i) the passive subject corresponds to an object in the active construction, (ii) the subject of the active construction is either realized as an oblique or deleted in the passive, and (iii) the verb bears overt morphological marking. There are two main types of passive constructions in Slavic: participial and reflexive. Participial passives are typically formed by the be verb and a participle in - n/- t, originally a resultative verbal …
Date: 2022-03-04

Patrials

(4 words)

See Group Names.
Date: 2022-03-04

Patronymics (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Lukashanets, Aliaksandr
forthcomingAliaksandr Lukashanets
Date: 2022-03-04

Paucal

(3,915 words)

Author(s): Breu, Walter
The paucal is described here as a bound number grammeme, historically derived from the dual and present in modern Russian, Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), Molise Slavic, and Ukrainian (rudimentary). The article presents an overview of the definition and the distribution of the paucal in Slavic, as well as its grammatical status and its historical development. Special sections deal with the paucal in nouns, attributes, predicates, and oblique cases in the languages under consideration. Terminology and definitionThe paucal (< La paucus, plural pauci ‘few, several…
Date: 2022-03-04

Performatives (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Biasio, Marco
forthcoming Marco Biasio
Date: 2022-03-04

Personal Pronouns (forthcoming)

(6 words)

Author(s): Panov, Vladimir
forthcomingVladimir Panov
Date: 2022-03-04

Person (forthcoming)

(5 words)

Author(s): Kholodilova, Maria
forthcomingMaria Kholodilova
Date: 2022-03-04