Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

Help us improve our service

The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

More information: Brill.com

Raising (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Meyer, Roland
forthcomingRoland Meyer
Date: 2022-03-04

Reanalysis (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Birzer, Sandra
forthcomingSandra Birzer
Date: 2022-03-04

Recipient Passive

(1,693 words)

Author(s): Giger, Markus
The entry describes voice constructions that promote the indirect object of a verb to the subject position. The main type is built from a verb meaning ‘get’ and a perfective passive participle. It can be found in several Slavic languages, but with different degrees of grammaticalization, and in all cases, it seems to be a result of language contact with German. A second type, with the verb “have” and an imperfective passive participle, occurs mostly in Polish. A recipient passive is a voice construction promoting the indirect object of a verb to the subject position, cf.…
Date: 2022-03-04

Referential Systems

(7,541 words)

Author(s): Budennaya, Evgeniya Vladimirovna
The article provides an overview of anaphoric and subject-referential expressions across all Slavic languages. It is divided into three major sections. The first section discusses different interpretations of the term “referential system” and several related terms, such as pro-drop properties, null subjects, and zero expressions. The second section outlines several typological features that affect the distribution of anaphoric devices in different Slavic languages. The last section comp…
Date: 2022-03-04

Reflexive Passive

(5,828 words)

Author(s): Say, Sergey
In all Slavic languages except Polish, there are passive constructions marked with the verbal reflexive marker (clitic or affix). Canonical passives do not affect the propositional content of the sentence and are used for the syntactic rearrangement of arguments (demotion or deletion of subject and promotion of the direct object). Reflexive passives are typically agentless throughout Slavic; overt expression of demoted agents is impossible in many West and South Slavic languages. Reflex…
Date: 2022-03-04

Reflexive Reciprocals (forthcoming)

(5 words)

Author(s): Israeli, Alina
forthcomingAlina Israeli
Date: 2022-03-04

Register and Genre

(2,879 words)

Author(s): Cvrček, Václav
The terms “register” and “genre” both refer to types of text or text classes and aim at capturing variation in style (in the most general meaning of the term). They are both motivated by the situation-conditioned organization of linguistic features that are used intentionally in a text to fulfill some communicative functions or goals. While genre is usually associated with “extratextual” features, such as the conventional properties of certain types of text (headlines in newspaper articles, foot…
Date: 2022-03-04

Relative Clauses

(7,393 words)

Author(s): Sonnenhauser, Barbara | Wandl, Florian
Relative-clause constructions constitute one major type of subordinate-clause linkage serving – in particular, nominal modification. The Slavic languages employ two main strategies of linking matrix clause and relative clause: (1) inflected wh-based pronouns and (2) uninflected markers (plus resumption in specific contexts). While the general picture obtained for the Slavic languages seems quite uniform and congruent with most European languages, differences can be observed in detail, e.g., as concerns the conditions underlyi…
Date: 2022-03-04

Resian

(1,697 words)

Author(s): Steenwijk, Han
The Slovene dialect of Resia (Sn  rezijansko) is spoken in northeastern Italy. An innovative system of centralized vowels and archaic traits such as the preservation of imperfect forms makes it stand out among Slovene dialects. Other specific traits, such as the conjunctive, are language-contact induced. The dialect is increasingly used in writing, but no generally accepted orthography exists. Geography and demographyResian ( rezijansko) is a Slovene dialect that is traditionally spoken in two adjacent valleys in northeastern Italy, on the border with Slov…
Date: 2022-03-04

Resumption (forthcoming)

(4 words)

Author(s): Chidambaram, Vrinda
forthcoming Vrinda Chidambaram
Date: 2022-03-04