Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

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Iranian and Slavic Contact

(5,043 words)

Author(s): Blazek, Václav
Within the Indo-European language family, the Iranian branch stands closest to the Indo-Aryan branch (see dating in Blažek and Schwarz 2017: 236–237; Blažek and Hegedűs 2012), but with regard to sound change, it is closest to Slavic. Besides the merging of mediæ aspiratæ of the type dh with mediæ of the type d into only d (also in Baltic, Celtic, and Albanian), it includes the RUKI rule (also in Indo-Aryan, partially in Baltic and Armenian) and the reflexes of the velars, especially the palatovelars *ḱ, *ǵ(h). Today the Iranian languages are dominant in Iran, Tajikistan, and A…
Date: 2023-10-27


(2,017 words)

Author(s): Vrzić, Zvjezdana
Istro-Romanian (ISO639-3: ruo) is a severely endangered Balkan Romance language spoken in the region of Istria in Croatia. A small number of middle-aged and elderly men and women living in six enclave villages speak the language alongside Croatian. While a Romance language, Istro-Romanian has undergone extensive contact influence from Croatian. A Romance-Speaking Enclave in a Slavic-Speaking AreaLanguage and linguistic areaIstro-Romanian (ISO639-3: ruo) is an endangered Balkan (or Eastern) Romance language. It belongs to the Daco-Romance family of lan…
Date: 2023-10-27