Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

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Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

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Middle Ruthenian

(3,162 words)

Author(s): Moser, Michael
Between the mid-14th and the late 18th centuries, Middle Ruthenian (Middle Ukrainian and Middle Belarusian) was developed from the leading chancery language of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a multifunctional written language that was broadly used in both religious and secular genres. After Middle Ruthenian literacy reached its pinnacle between 1570 and 1670, it gradually declined in the following decades. Modern Standard Belarusian and Ukrainian, however, did not immediately build on Middle Ruthenian traditions. Historical frameworkAfter the collapse of medieval Rus…
Date: 2020-05-22

Middle Voice (Medium)

(7,526 words)

Author(s): Holvoet, Axel
This article discusses constructions that are morphologically characterized by an (enclitic or affixal) marker of reflexive origin and that are functionally neither properly reflexive nor passive. Typologically, they can be situated in the conceptual domain of the middle voice. The article concentrates on conceptual and diachronic links between the different types of reflexive-marked middles. Traditionally used to refer to one of the values of the category of voice in languages like Classical Greek or Sanskrit, the term “…
Date: 2020-05-22