Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics Online

Get access Subject: Language And Linguistics

Edited by: Marc L. Greenberg (editor-in-chief), University of Kansas; Lenore A. Grenoble (general editor), University of Chicago; associate editors: Stephen M. Dickey, University of Kansas, René Genis, University of Amsterdam, Marek Łaziński, University of Warsaw, Mikhail Oslon, Institute of the Polish Language - Cracow, Anita Peti-Stantić, University of Zagreb, Masako Ueda Fidler, Brown University, Mladen Uhlik, University of Ljubljana, Björn Wiemer, University of Mainz, Nadežda V. Zorixina-Nilsson, Stockholm University

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The Encyclopedia of Slavic Languages and Linguistics offers a comprehensive overview of the languages of the Slavic language family and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the Slavic language family from its Indo-European origins to the present day, as well as consideration of interaction of Slavic with other languages.

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Voice and Diathesis

(4,835 words)

Author(s): Wiemer, Björn
“Voice,” “diathesis,” and “ genus  verbi” are terms that have been employed in very different ways, particularly in approaches to the lexicon and (morpho)syntactic interface of Slavic languages. Theoretical assumptions concerning grammar and lexicon (first of all, notions about lexical units, grammatical categories, inflection, and the role played by morphology) have varied widely. The article supplies a survey of the central notions, and of the frameworks behind them, which since the 19th ce…
Date: 2023-10-27

Voice: Combinatorics

(3,032 words)

Author(s): Lehmann, Volkmar
Voice is part of a network containing (in)transitivity, morphological voice, aspect, tense, grammatical person, voice constructions, and constructions without subject (impersonal constructions), among others. The focus of the article is on the combinations of grammatical marking devices and argument coding and on the combinations of voice constructions with subjectless constructions and agreement. Voice and combinatoricsExample (1) shows the glosses of categories that are relevant for the description of voice in this utterance:(1) Ru   dverʹ-ø                      b…
Date: 2023-10-27

Vowel Gradation

(5,678 words)

Author(s): Ackermann, Katsiaryna
Slavic languages show extensive vowel variation in all word segments, which has served the means of formation of new words or grammatical forms of the word and was either inherited or emerged at different stages of language development for a variety of reasons. The article traces back the inherited types of vowel gradation, discusses the emergence of new types, and demonstrates the outreach of gradation in modern Slavic languages.Introduction and taxonomyVowel gradation, in different sources also referred to as apophony or ablaut (Po alternacja, Cz stupňování, Ru čeredovanie, BCM…
Date: 2023-10-27