Religion Past and Present

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Hans Dieter Betz, Don S. Browning†, Bernd Janowski and Eberhard Jüngel

Religion Past and Present (RPP) Online is the online version of the updated English translation of the 4th edition of the definitive encyclopedia of religion worldwide: the peerless Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG). This great resource, now at last available in English and Online, Religion Past and Present Online continues the tradition of deep knowledge and authority relied upon by generations of scholars in religious, theological, and biblical studies. Including the latest developments in research, Religion Past and Present Online encompasses a vast range of subjects connected with religion.

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Overbeck, Franz Camille

(893 words)

Author(s): Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm
[German Version] (Nov 16, 1837, St. Petersburg – Jun 26, 1905, Basel), son of a German Protestant merchant and a Roman Catholic mother from a French family, after his initial schooling Overbeck studied in St. Petersburg, Paris, and Dresden; beginning in 1856, he studied Protestant theology at Leipzig, Göttingen, and Berlin, receiving his habilitation at Jena in 1864. In 1870 he accepted a call to Basel as associate professor of New Testament and early church history. The multilingual intellectual …

Overbeck, Johann Friedrich

(311 words)

Author(s): Werner, Norbert
[German Version] ( Jul 3, 1789, Lübeck– Nov 12, 1869, Rome), German painter, who studied under Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein and P.O. Runge in Hamburg; then in 1806 at the Vienna Academy under Heinrich Füger. In Vienna Overbeck made a thorough study of Italian painting (Perugino, Raphael). Through his friendship with Franz Pforr he turned to German painting (A. Dürer, L. Cranach the elder, H. Holbein the younger). In protest against the classicism of the Vienna Academy, Overbeck founded the St…

Overberg, Bernhard Heinrich

(177 words)

Author(s): Mette, Norbert
[German Version] (May 1, 1754, Höckel near Osnabrück – Nov 9, 1826, Münster), was ordained as priest in 1779. After serving as chaplain in Everswinkel, he was appointed in 1783 by the prince bishop’s vicar general, F.F.W. Fürstenberg, to teach in and direct a college to be founded in Münster for the initial and further training of primary school teachers; he remained active in that post until his death. In 1809 he became regent of the priests’ seminar and clerical dean in Münster; in 1818, Consist…

Overseas Ministries Study Center

(221 words)

Author(s): Bonk, Jonathan J.
[German Version] (OMSC), New Haven, CT. The OMSC traces its roots to 1922, when Marguerite and Ida Doane founded the Houses of Fellowship to provide furnished apartments in Ventnor, New Jersey, for furloughing missionaries. In 1967 the name was changed to Overseas Ministries Study Center, and a modest seminar program was begun in 1973. Its director Gerald H. Anderson (1976–2000) revived the old Occasional Bulletin from the Missionary Research Library(1950), renaming it the International Bulletin of Missionary Research in 1981. In 1987 OMSC relocated to New Haven, CT, in …

Owen, John

(188 words)

Author(s): Coffey, John R.D.
[German Version] (1616, Stadhampton, Oxfordshire – Aug 24, 1683, London), Reformed theologian and Independent divine, was educated at Queen’s College, Oxford, and graduated M.A. in 1635. He left the university on account of W. Laud’s conformity statutes, and became a private chaplain. In the early 1640s he favored Presbyterianism, wrote A Display of Arminianism (1643), and became rector in Essex. He announced his conversion to Independency in Eschol (1648), and preached the fast sermon to Parliament on the day after Charles I’s execution in 1649. He was chaplai…

Owen, Robert

(278 words)

Author(s): Jähnichen, Traugott
[German Version] (May 14, 1771, Newton, Wales – Nov 17, 1858, Newton), successful industrialist, who pioneered a multitude of social reforms and in his writings formulated the basic ideas of utopian socialism. Owen became famous for his cotton mill in New Lanark, Scotland, which set a new standard for technical operations, working conditions, and social programs. In 1815 he began to use his authority in public, supporting occupational safety in general and employment programs, and opposing child l…

Oxford Movement

(1,643 words)

Author(s): Geck, Albrecht
[German Version] Oxford Movement, an Anglo-Catholic revival movement (Revival/Revival movements) in the Church of England led by the Oxford theologians J. Keble, J.H. Newman, and E.B. Pusey. Major representatives of the movement’s first period were R.H. Froude, Richard William Church (1815–1890), Robert Isaac Wilberforce (1802–1857), Charles Marriott (1811–1858), and Isaac Williams (1802–1865). The movement is sometimes called Tractarianism, after the title of its primary publication, the Tracts for the Times. The years from 1833 to 1845 are considered its “forma…

Oxford University

(900 words)

Author(s): Köpf, Ulrich
[German Version] The city is first mentioned in 912. It was founded in the Anglo-Saxon period and walled by the Normans, and lies at the intersection of important routes. As early as the 12th century there were schools for the artes liberales , law and theology, from which the university developed by the beginning of the 13th century. Following a conflict with the townspeople, most masters and students left Oxford in 1209; some of them founded Cambridge University. When others returned to Oxford in 1214 the university…

Oxnam, Garfield Bromley

(202 words)

Author(s): Lippy, Charles H.
[German Version] (Aug, 14, 1891, Sonora, CA – Mar 12, 1963, White Plains, NY), became a Methodist pastor (Methodists) in California after graduating from the University of Southern California (1913) and Boston University’s School of Theology (1915). He joined the Boston faculty in 1927, leaving in 1928 to become president of DePauw University, Greencastle, IN. Elected a Methodist bishop in 1936, he served in Omaha, Boston, New York, and Washington DC, prior to retiring in 1960. ¶ Oxman, committed to a liberal social gospel perspective and ecumenism, served as president o…