Religion Past and Present

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Hans Dieter Betz, Don S. Browning†, Bernd Janowski and Eberhard Jüngel

Religion Past and Present (RPP) Online is the online version of the updated English translation of the 4th edition of the definitive encyclopedia of religion worldwide: the peerless Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG). This great resource, now at last available in English and Online, Religion Past and Present Online continues the tradition of deep knowledge and authority relied upon by generations of scholars in religious, theological, and biblical studies. Including the latest developments in research, Religion Past and Present Online encompasses a vast range of subjects connected with religion.

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(598 words)

Author(s): Ward, Kevin
[German Version] a landlocked country in East Africa, with an area of 26,338 km2 and a dense estimated population of 11.1 million (2010). The capital is Kigali. Rwanda is one of the few countries in modern Africa where the overwhelming majority of the population belong to a single ethnic and cultural group. Precolonial Rwanda was a complex society divided into three major groups: the pastoral Tutsi, the rural Hutu, and the Twa, a tribe of hunter-gatherers. A hierarchical system made the Hutu majority (some 9…

Ryan, John Augustine

(155 words)

Author(s): Carey, Patrick W.
[German Version] (May 25, 1869, Vermillion, MN – Sep 16, 1945, St Paul, MN), Catholic priest and moral theologian. John Ryan was the foremost American Catholic social analyst during the first half of the 20th century. He believed that Catholic social teaching had to be wedded to the empirical study of economics. After writing his two most important theoretical works on economic justice, A Living Wage (1906) and Distributive Justice (1916), Ryan promoted minimum-wage legislation and lobbied in state and federal legisla-¶ tures for protective laws for workers. He was director o…

Ryerson, Egerton

(137 words)

Author(s): van Die, Marguerite
[German Version] (Mar 24, 1803, Norfolk County, upper Canada – Feb 19, 1882, Toronto, Canada), son of British loyalists. As a skilled defender of denominational interests, he became the first editor of the newspaper The Christian Guardian in 1829, only two years after his ordination, while principal of the newly formed Methodist Victoria College. In 1884 he became superintendent of schools in Canada West (later Ontario). Until his retirement in 1876, Ryerson was the province’s leading educator and laid the foundations for a free a…

Ryle, Gilbert

(167 words)

Author(s): Kober, Michael
[German Version] (Aug 19, 1900, Brighton – Oct 6, 1976, Oxford), philosopher. Ryle taught philosophy at Oxford; together with John L. Austin and L. Wittgenstein, in the mid-20th century he was the most influential exponent of ordinary language philosophy, which maintains that philosophical problems are an expression of linguistic confusions that can be resolved through precise analysis of how the words in question are used in ordinary language. In The Concept of Mind (1949), Ryle saw the dualism of body and mind, in which words like think and believe are treated analogously to go, as a …