Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

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Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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(2,287 words)

Author(s): Viktor Соnʐemius
1. General. Quietism is a mystical religious attitude found in all the higher religions which consists in seeking union with the divinity by passive tranquillity and renunciation of personal initiative. The term appeared in France about 1687 in connection with the trial of Miguel de Molinos, and is used in a narrower sense to denote a movement of Catholic spirituality in the 17th century, to which ecclesiastical condemnation has given an unfavourable and dubious connotation. Furthermore, because …


(8,073 words)

Author(s): Karlheinɀ Müller
A. The Story of the Finds 1947 is normally given as the year in which the first manuscripts were brought to light by Bedouin of the half-nomad tribe of the Taámireh on the north-west shore of the Dead Sea. This date rests on two facts. The shepherd Muhammad ad-Dib himself gave the year 1947 as the date of his accidental discovery. And it was in 1947 that seven manuscripts appeared in Bethlehem for the first time. Four of these scrolls came into the possession of the Syrian Orthodox Metropolitan Mar Je…