Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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(1,736 words)

Author(s): Klaus Mörsdorf
1. Concept. Etymologically hierarchy means holy origin (ἱερά άρχή), holy dominion and, since the time of Denis the Areopagite, it has been used to signify the order given the Church by the Lord. In ecclesiastical legal language the hierarchy is the structure composed of those who, according to the principle of unity of head and body, are called to represent the invisible Lord; more precisely, it is, in the objective sense, the institutional order within this structure, and, in the subjective sense, the totality of those holding sacred authority. 2. Basis. To sum up the teaching on th…


(1,692 words)

Author(s): Hans Maier
1. Concept. By historicism we understand “a view of man, his culture and his values which is on principle historical” (E. Troeltsch). It replaces a generalizing concept of man’s changeless nature by knowledge of his concrete individuality in history. “The State, law, morality, religion, and art are dissolved in the flux of historical change; they can only be understood by us as elements of a historical development. This helps us to see better how the contingent and personal is rooted in broader, …

History - History and Historicity

(6,351 words)

Author(s): Adolf Darlap | Jörg Splett
Part of History: 1. History and Historicity 2. Philosophy of History 3. Theology of History A. Terms and Concept The words used throughout Europe for history come through the Latin historia from the Greek ίστορεΐν, to know, investigate, except the German Geschichte. The former group indicates rather the study or science of history, while the German envisages rather the event itself, first the individual occurrence and then the individual life-process and the total world-process. The humanists used the German Geschichte in the definitely scientific sense of historia. But Geschichte

History - Philosophy of History

(3,015 words)

Author(s): Peter Hünermann
Part of History: 1. History and Historicity 2. Philosophy of History 3. Theology of History The term “philosophy of history”, coined by Voltaire, is used in modern times for a large number of philosophical and historical sketches. Hence we shall first consider the various ways in which the philosophy of history is understood, then consider the main historical movements which a philosophy of history must suppose, and finally sketch the development of the philosophy of history. A. The Main Approaches 1. Philosophy of history is in general the effort to penetrate the meaning o…

History - Theology of History

(2,720 words)

Author(s): Walter Kasper
Part of History: 1. History and Historicity 2. Philosophy of History 3. Theology of History A. Problem 1. History. History is one of the basic categories of biblical revelation. Revelation does not merely throw light on history, it also gives rise to it. The absolute gratuity of revelation brings with it its character of historical contingency. As an event which can neither be foreseen nor influenced revelation sets up new historical reality and gives a promise of a future. The new conditions of salvation thus br…