Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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(2,486 words)

Author(s): Karl Vladimir Truhlar
1. The ultimate source of all holiness is the holiness of God, whereby he is the “wholly Other”. But even in the ОТ, God the inaccessible, “the holy one of Israel”, is also the joy, force, support and salvation of the chosen people (Is 10:20; 17:7; 41:14–20). In the righteousness brought by the “holy servant Jesus” (Acts 4:27, 30), who “sanctifies himself” self” that his own may be “sanctified” (Jn 17:19), God imparts himself to man. He draws him by grace into his own personal life, gives himsel…

Holy - History of Problems

(776 words)

Author(s): Jörg Splett
Part of Holy: 1. History of Problems 2. Phenomenology and Philosophy 3. The Holy in Revelation Through the writings of E. Durkheim, N. Söderblom and R. Otto, “the holy” became a central concept in comparative religion. But the unique and primordial notion of the holy has always been part, not only of human experience but of man’s conscious convictions. It became a major subject of thought as soon as the interpretation of the holy given in religious worship and in myth ceased to be sufficient. Plato was the first Western thinker to deal with the holy, after the struggles of the p…

Holy - Phenomenology and Philosophy

(1,518 words)

Author(s): Klaus Hemmerle
Part of Holy: 1. History of Problems 2. Phenomenology and Philosophy 3. The Holy in Revelation 1. The question of the holy. a) To reflect on the holy is not to think of holiness as an attribute of God or of holy beings, places, times or things; what is in question, therefore, is not the meaning of the adjective holy as a predicate that can be applied to someone or something. Nor is the holy a neutralizing collective name for the different forms whether personal or impersonal in which the highest principle is conceiv…

Holy Spirit - Gifts of the Holy Spirit

(1,546 words)

Author(s): Michael Schmaus
Part of Holy Spirit: 1. Pneumatology 2. Gifts of the Holy Spirit In Catholic dogmatic theology the gifts of the Holy Spirit are one of the elements of justification. The Council of Trent explains the gifts ( dona) as part of the “interior renewal” ( D 799). The liturgy speaks of the seven-fold gift of the Spirit, e.g., in the hymns Veni Sancte Spiritus, and the Veni Creator Spiritus, and in the rite of ordination of deacons. The biblical basis is the description of the presence and activity of the Holy Spirit in the just (Acts, Paul, Jn). To be united in faith t…

Holy Spirit - Pneumatology

(4,491 words)

Author(s): Michael Schmaus
Part of Holy Spirit: 1. Pneumatology 2. Gifts of the Holy Spirit The teaching on the Holy Spirit developed very slowly in the faith of the Church from the indications of Scripture. Pneumatology always lagged behind Christology. This is all the more surprising because, according to Paul, the possession of the Spirit is characteristic of the justified and distinguishes him from those who are not justified. In general, Scripture speaks more of the Spirit’s function in our salvation than of his nature. The activity of the Spirit (in inspiration) joins the ОТ and NT together as a unity. 1. The Old…

Holy - The Holy in Revelation

(398 words)

Author(s): Klaus Hemmerle
Part of Holy: 1. History of Problems 2. Phenomenology and Philosophy 3. The Holy in Revelation Attestation of revelation is in essentials, if not in words, attestation of the holy. a) Gen 28 and 32, Exod 3 and 19, and Is 6, for example, display the typical combination of remoteness and proximity, fear and joy in the holy. Peter’s cry: “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, О Lord” (Lk 5:8), and the other, “It is well that we are here; let us make three booths” (Mk 9: 5), indicate the tensions within which the domain of the …


(3,842 words)

Author(s): Ferdinand Kerstiens
A. The Traditional Doctrine 1. The ordinary presentation of hope was in the framework of the theological virtues, in dogmatic and moral theology. The theology of hope was worked out above all by Thomas Aquinas ( De Spe, Summa Theologica, II, II, qq. 17-22). Hope is directed to a future good which is hard but not impossible to attain. It is elevation of the will, made possible by grace, by which man expects eternal life and the means to attain it, confident of the omnipotent aid of God. Hope is the great virtue of man in his status viatoris. It comes after faith, from which it receives its ob…

Human Act

(6,670 words)

Author(s): Waldemar Molinski
A. Origin and Primary Characteristics 1. When described empirically, “human” or moral action must be said to begin with the personal (free, conscious) reaction to the conflict between the urge to instinctive self-satisfaction and the claims of society. It supposes the development of the consciousness of self as distinct from and opposed to the surrounding world, which is experienced as a set of claims contrary to the needs of an immanent self-fulfilment. The human act in the child occurs when it make…

Humanism - Anthropocentrism

(722 words)

Author(s): Jörg Splett
Part of Humanism: 1. General 2. Anthropocentrism God as the Creator is likewise the goal of all that he has called into being. Creation is therefore theocentric, and this finality of the visible world is at its most intense and expressive in man, who is called to bring the objective and material glory of God to its perfection by the conscious acts which make it subjective and formal. But this radical self-dedication is only possible to a being which can possess itself completely, dispose of itself, be present to itself and be at one with itself. The more fully transcendence “comes to itself”, as…

Humanism - General

(3,124 words)

Author(s): Konrad Hecker
Part of Humanism: 1. General 2. Anthropocentrism 1. History of humanism. Humanism as the deliberate effort to justify the Renaissance arose in the 14th and 15th centuries as an intellectual movement among the nobility, especially the merchant aristocracy of the Italian city-states. Within the traditional framework of the medieval order, this new social class did not regard itself as bound to any existing pattern of life and could therefore develop its courtly patrician style of life into an original and a…


(979 words)

Author(s): Alvaro Huerga
1. The term. The English word “humility” derives from Latin humilis, “lowly” (“near the ground”, humus = earth). In the ОТ, (LXX: ταπεινός) the dominant note is the elemental human experience of not having given ourselves existence, and therefore of not being necessary, which thrusts itself upon man in the pointlessness of life (cf. the sapiential books), in guilt, sickness, and death. 2. Scripture, a) Old Testament. Since Yahweh, the Creator God, has given man existence and keeps him in being, since Yahweh also rules the history of the Jewish nation and of th…


(1,010 words)

Author(s): Paul De Vooght
Hussism in Bohemia was born from a movement for reform which in its beginnings was of Catholic inspiration. It started with an attempt by Archbishop Ernest of Pardubice (1343–64) to reform his diocese. Among the measures he took there was one which was to be of great consequence. He called to Prague a well-known German preacher, Conrad of Waldhausen, who had as a disciple the Czech Milič of Kroměříž, soon to be followed by a whole line of Czech reforming preachers. The most famous among them was…