Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

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Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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Author(s): Oswald Schwemmer
1. Notion and purpose of logic. The word logic has been used for several different kinds of mental activity throughout the history of Western thought. It covers matters as diverse as the syllogistic of Aristotle, the technique of Scholastic disputation, the transcendental logic of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, the dialectical logic of Hegel and the mathematical logic of our own days. The wide use of the word may be justified by understanding logic as the most characteristic element of a theory of rational discourse — that element which in i…

Lord’s Prayer

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Author(s): Klaus Berger
The “Our Father” is found in the NT in two different traditions, in Mt 6:9—13 (with a commentary in vv. 14—15) and in Lk 11 :2— 4. The two versions reflect not merely two traditions but two different attitudes towards the expected end. On the whole, Mt seems to have preserved the prayer in its most original form. If so, the theological problem of the Our Father is really that it is meant to be the prayer of the community (or a model for such prayer; cf. οὔτως Mt 6:9) but that it contains no orig…

Lutheran Churches

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Author(s): Ernst Kinder
1. Nature and history. Luther did not intend to found a new Church. His reforming views led him to an understanding of Christianity which was in contrast with the medieval world and centred on the saving and sanctifying gospel of Christ. The movement thus set afoot originally sought to reform the existing Church, not to establish another one. Only when the Curia precipitately declared the movement heretical and frustrated its activities within Catholicism, was it forced to introduce the ecclesiasti…