Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

For more information:

Sin - Punishment of Sins

(1,795 words)

Author(s): Karl Rahner
Part of Sin: 1. Sin and Guilt 2. Punishment of Sins 1. Preliminary remarks on method and matter. The theological understanding of what punishment of sin means must not start from a notion based on the penalties imposed by civil law on a criminal for offences against society. The special relationship of God to the world, not that of a particular cause within the world but that of the transcendent origin of the world as a whole, would risk being distorted by this approach. And there are other anthropomorphic notio…

Sin - Sin and Guilt

(4,554 words)

Author(s): Piet Schoonenberg
Part of Sin: 1. Sin and Guilt 2. Punishment of Sins 1. Introductory. The gospel proclaims divine salvation in Jesus Christ as redemption and forgiveness of our sins. Jesus calls for conversion as he proclaims and offers the kingdom of God. The Church preached that he died for our sins and as having accomplished purification from sins. We were baptized in his name for the forgiveness of sins. Sin seems therefore to be one of the primary suppositions of the gospel, and in this it is in line with the ОТ, espec…

Situation Ethics

(2,812 words)

Author(s): Waldemar Molinski
1. History of the problem. The term “situation” was introduced into the language of moral theology by T. Steinbüchel. It became a sort of technical term when “situation ethics” was condemned by Pius XII (Allocutions of 23 March and 19 April 1952: AAS 44 [1952], pp. 270ff., 413ff.; Instructio S. Officii, 2 February 1956; AAS 48 [1956], pp. 144f.; DS 3918-21). There is a situation ethics, in the sense of the condemnations here mentioned, when one bases oneself on the concrete circumstances of a moral act to regard as good or justifiable moral decisions whic…