Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court: 1920-2015

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Failure to Appear before the Court
(5,056 words)

paragraph 335 in volume 3, chapter 23, Non-Appearance

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The failure or refusal of one party to appear before the Court or to defend its case is the subject of Article 53 of the Statute.1 This provision reads:

Whenever one of the parties does not appear before the Court, or fails to defend its case, the other party may call upon the Court to decide in favour of its claim.
Lorsqu’ une des parties ne se présen te pas, ou s’ abstient de faire valoir ses moyens, l’ autre partie peut demander à la Cour de lui adjuger ses conclusions.
The Court must, before doing so, satisfy its…

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Malcolm N. Shaw, “Failure to Appear before the Court”, in: Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court: 1920-2015. Consulted online on 10 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20161001

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