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al-Naqar W. al-Shāʿir
(121 words)

fl. early 19th cent.


Qurashī Muḥammad Ḥasan (1967), i, 24-25; idem (1977), 30-31; Dīwān Ḥājj al-Māḥī, 4.


The first known religious panegyrist in the Nilotic Sudan, he is considered to be the founding father of madīḥ among the Jaʿaliyyūn. His name suggests that his father was a transmitter of poetry, since shāʿir also bears that meaning in Sudanese colloquial Arabic. Two of his many poems are still performed today.


1. Madḥat al-salāma.

Sudanese panegyrists commonly open their madīḥ sessions with this famous poem, wh…

Cite this page
“al-Naqar W. al-Shāʿir”, in: Arabic Literature of Africa Online, General Editor John O. Hunwick, R.S. O’Fahey. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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