Arabic Literature of Africa Online

Get access

(2,492 words)

This chapter is written by Michele Petrone

Over the first quarter of the 20th century, the area of Jimma became one of the most intellectually vibrant areas for Ethiopian Muslims. This was due to a combination of factors. First, there is the Islamization of large parts of the so-called Five Gibe Kingdoms1 in the second half of the 19th century, due to increasing trade and the consequent presence of Muslim merchants and clerics. The second element is the rise and expansion of the kingdom of Jimma under the rule of Abbā Jifār (d. 1269/1855), who …

Cite this page
“Introduction”, in: Arabic Literature of Africa Online, General Editor John O. Hunwick, R.S. O’Fahey. Consulted online on 01 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2016

▲   Back to top   ▲