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(258 words)

Lokoja, at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, was the first settlement established by the British in the area in 1860 and it developed into an administrative headquarters and a commercial emporium. It was also a place of exile for deposed emirs, notably the deposed Emir of Zaria Muḥammad Kwasau who wrote several of his books there, and the ex-Emir of Kano, ʿAlī al-Kabīr (Aliyu Babba). The first Tijānī zawiya there was built in 1917 by ʿAbd al-Salām b. Abī Bakr Shawai, an ʿUmarian Tijānī who had been initiated by Muḥammad al-Bashīr a grandson of al-Ḥājj ʿ…

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“Lokoja”, in: Arabic Literature of Africa Online, General Editor John O. Hunwick, R.S. O’Fahey. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2016

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