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Central and South America: Time Chart
(2,567 words)

Era 1: Precolumbian era (c. 15,000 BCE–1492 CE)

around 15,000 BCE

Settling of America: hunter-gatherer cultures. Phases: Paleo-Indio, formative, era of the regional developments.

Shamanism, hunting rituals (cave paintings). Economic base: hunting (deep rain forest). After the end of the last glacier period (c. 5000 BCE), shallower forest. In the case of the

coast dwellers, mussel heaps (Puerto Hormiga, in Colombia). Manioc raising.

around 1500 BCE–1600 CE

Sacred Kazikism of Colombia (Kalima, Quimbaya, Sinú, Tairona, Muisca)

Raising the storable vegetable maize makes pos…

Cite this page
Drexler, Josef, “Central and South America: Time Chart”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 21 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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