The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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1. The most unambiguous and most simple way to ascertain one's own place in a complicated reality consists in dividing the world into ‘We’ and ‘Not-We.’ The social identity determining which individuals belong to ‘We,’ and which as ‘Not-We’ are to be left out, is constituted as the result of many criteria. After all, in many ways the members of a group are alike, while they are distinct in others. Culture operates precisely through the perce…

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Auffarth, Christoph, “Dualism”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 10 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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