The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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In Greek and especially Roman antiquity, the figure of the genius is met, for example, in the conceptualization of a procreative power residing in the male human being. Genius, which is also regarded as a protective divinity, and enjoys cultic veneration, can be ascribed to an exalted personality (as Lat., genius Augusti); but it can also, collectively, be seen in the (Roman) people, and, last but not least, in a place (Lat., genius loci, ‘genius of the place’). The genius comes into view…

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Hartmann, Georg, “Genius”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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