The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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Holocaust
(281 words)

The term ‘holocaust’ was proposed at the beginning of the 1960s by Elie Wiesel, who himself was nearly killed at Auschwitz. This term was intended to designate the unspeakable murder of six million European Jews, whose destruction was bureaucratically organized and industrially executed. Although the term originated in America, it has become current in Europe especially through the American media.

The Greek word holókaustos is a translation of a term from the Hebrew Bible meaning ‘wholly burned’ or ‘burnt offering’ and describing the type of sacrifice in wh…

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Auffarth, Christoph, “Holocaust”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 08 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5287_bdr_SIM_00035>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223



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