The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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(555 words)

The concept of identity derives from the philosophical tradition, in which it represents most especially a logical predicate. Thus, a subject can be attributed the predicate of identity when, in various perspectives and states of affairs, it can be identified always as the same subject. Two subjects (x and y) are identical, then, in virtue of the principle of (non)contradiction, when all qualities of x also pertain to y (x = y). In today's linguistic usage, identity has mainly become a concept of psychology and the social sciences: there it is used principally in t…

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Berghoff, Peter, “Identity”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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