The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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The concept of Marxism gained currency in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, and stands for the theoretical variant and the political variant of the socialist movement originating principally with the efforts of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820–1895). The Second Communist International (and after 1917, the Communist Party oriented to the Russian, and later to the Soviet Communist party) understood themselves explicitly as Marxist. Then the non-Marxist variants of the concep…

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Kehrer, Günter, “Marxism”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 06 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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