The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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(2,122 words)


1. Mecca (in Arab., al-Makka—often with the suffix al-Mukarrama, ‘the Venerable’) is the sacred city, and most important place of pilgrimage, of → Islam. The central sanctuary, the Ka'ba (Arab., ‘cube’), a rectangular building, in whose northeastern wall the Black Stone is fixed, with its religious importance from pre-Islamic times, stands in the center of the Great Mosque. Mecca (provincial capital of the emirate of the same name) lies on the West coast of the …

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Imhof, Agnes, “Mecca”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 05 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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