The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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(1,353 words)

1. Originally, the word ‘orientation’ meant directing someone or something in the direction of ‘sunrise.’ (The Latin root of the word is [sol] oriens, ‘rising [sun],’ ‘morning.’) Hence the further meaning of ‘East’ as an area of the earth. The chief types of orientation are (1) astronomical orientation: the laying out of cultic installations for example, according to the chief directions of the compass; (2) environmental orientation: as t…

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Bumbacher, Stephan Peter, “Orientation”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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