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Palestine/Israel (Near East/Eastern Mediterranean): Time Chart
(1,578 words)

Era 1: Emergence of the three monotheistic religions

1st millenium BCE

Emergence of Jewish religion

1st millenium CE

Emergence of Christianity

7th millenium CE

Emergence of Islam

Era 2: Crusades and Ottoman Empire

end of 11th until end of 13th cent.


At the Synod of Clermont, Pope Urban II summons Christians to war with Islam. With the purpose of delivering the Holy Land from Islamic rule, masses of persons set out in the direction of the East. Capture of Jerusalem: 1099. By 1270, six more Crusades.


Fall of Constantinople

In consequence: dismantling of Muslim rule in the …

Cite this page
Buc, Katja Dorothea, “Palestine/Israel (Near East/Eastern Mediterranean): Time Chart”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 27 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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