The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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(1,272 words)


1. When someone inflicts harm on another, the injured party may demand compensation for the injury. The injury must be ‘repented.’ In case of conflict, one appeals to a judge, to establish the seriousness of the injury and the degree of guilt attaching to it. Especially with a murder, for example, an injury can be ‘condignly’ compensated only by the death of a member of the opposing party; still, the ‘capital’ punishment (from Lat., caput, ‘head’) can be replaced with a money payment, the ‘mulet…

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Yavuzyasar, Ayfer, “Penance/Penitent”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 20 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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