The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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1. Today's concept of reason is a product of the philosophy of the Enlightenment, which places reason above simple understanding as the highest capacity of the mind. This ranking reversed the translations of the medieval and early modern ages. For scholastic and Reformation translators, ‘understanding,’ insight, was the English word for the Latin ratio, and the translation of the superior capacity, intellectus, was ‘reason.’ In most Western language…

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Grätzel, Stephan, “Reason”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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