The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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(1,122 words)

1. Spirits are supernatural beings of neither unambiguously human nor divine origin. It is difficult to distinguish spirits, ghosts, and → demons, and their concepts are usually employed synonymously. The concept of spirit has a broad spectrum of meaning. Under the concept of ‘spirits,’ for instance, fall super-sensory beings and departed persons who tarry yet in the world of the living. A rel…

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Prohl, Inken, “Spirits/Ghosts/Revenants”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 29 November 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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