The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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The concept and practices of yoga come out of India (→ Indian Subcontinent). The Sanskrit word yoga is related to the English ‘yoke.’ In the ancient text of the Veda, accordingly, it meant first, the hitching (therefore, the ‘yoking’) of draught animals to a cart or plow.

Then, in the time of the Upanishads (from c. 900 BCE), as a systematic examination of human nature began in India, the concept was broadened to include a mental and religious dimension. A ba…

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Fuchs, Christian, “Yoga”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 28 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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