The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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No one knows exactly when and where Zarathustra, the ‘founder’ of → Zoroastrianism, lived. In fact, it is not even certain whether Zarathustra represents a historical individual at all. Even in the most ancient sources, the ‘historical Zarathustra’ appears as a remarkably nebulous figure, later to be repeatedly overlaid with mythology, theology, ritual, literature, iconography, and ideology.


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Stausberg, Michael, “Zarathustra”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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