Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Barbelo (Gk Βαρβηλώ) is a name of an entity who in several texts attributed to “gnostics” is described as the first emanation of the androgynous God. Barbelo is not created by God but comes forth from him. Some narratives describe how she emerges from God’s overflowing thoughts (see the Apocryphon of John; John, Secret Revelation of) or that she is the reflection of God in the primal waters that became a separate being (Codex Berolinensis 8502: Apocryphon of John). She thu…

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Teepe, Ramona, “Barbelo”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 25 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2022

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