Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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This word comes from the Latin metropolitanus (metropolitanus episcopus: Aug. Ep. [Div.] 22.6); Gregory the Great usually uses the term metropolita. The Greek word is metropolites, which indicates a citizen of the metropolis. In ancient times, the metropolis was the mother-city in relation to its colonies. For example, Athens in relation to the Ionian colonies. It was also one’s mother-city, home city. In Roman tim…

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Di Berardino, Angelo, “Metropolitan”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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