Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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(907 words)

Subordinatianism – or subordinationism – is a Christological concept according to which Christ, as the son of God, is inferior to the Father and subordinate to him. This trend, considered "orthodox" or "heterodox," has not been extensively studied. There is only one monograph devoted to it, by W. Marcus in 1963. It is Origen's subordinationism in particular that has been the object of attention by some scholars. The origins of this notion lie in statements in the New Testament in which Jesus himself states this inferiority (see e.g. John 14:28: “The Father is greater than I”).


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Mimouni, Simon C., “Subordinationism”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2022

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