Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access

(3,763 words)

The Talmud, the central text of rabbinic Judaism, refers to the writings known as the Jerusalem Talmud (Talmud Yerushalmi), or the Talmud of the Land of Israel, and the Babylonian Talmud (Talmud Bavli). It is also referred to as the Shas, the Hebrew abbreviation for the six orders (shisha sedarim) of the Mishnah. The Hebrew Talmud (Aram. Talmuda’) lit…

Cite this page
Schwartz, Joshua, “Talmud”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2022

▲   Back to top   ▲