Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Thomas (Apostle)
(2,895 words)

Thomas, also called Didymos, was one of the figures portrayed as Jesus’ apostle (Christ, Jesus, 01: Survey; Apostle/Disciple) by the canonical New Testament Gospels. Subsequent texts conflated him with the apostle named Judas, not the Iscariot, so as to create a figure called Judas Thomas, who is also Didymos. Early Christians attributed the composition of the Gospel of Thomas to him and made him the protagonist…

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Andrade, Nathanael, “Thomas (Apostle)”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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