Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Acheiropoietai (ἀχειροποίηται) are images “not made by (human) hand,” a category first attested in the 6th century CE. The term, however, is more ancient: it was used by Paul in 2 Cor 5:1 in reference to Christ’s risen body, and shortly afterward it appears again in Mark 14:58 and Col 2:11. Thus, acheiropoietai are especially images that are considered to be direct impressions of Christ’s face: the Mandylion of Edessa; the Veronica of Rome; the Camuliana …

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Ramelli, Ilaria L.E., “Acheiropoietai”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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