Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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By the Christian era, Africa was ruled by Rome. Christianity, however, outlasted the Roman era and witnessed multiple conquests of the region by foreign invaders (Fage, 1979). Whereas the Greek writers, like Herodotus, preferred to refer to the region as “Libya,” the Romans named the province surrounding Carthage (Africa Proconsularis) after the Afri people who lived in the area and tend…

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Wilhite, David E., “Africa”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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