Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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On Jan 21 the liturgical calendar celebrates Agnes, Roman virgin and martyr, whose cult is early attested to and veneration of whom is widespread in the whole Christian church. Agnes was martyred in Rome; the year is unknown, but it was most likely at the time of the persecutions of Decius (250–251 CE) or of Valerian (258–260 CE). There are no historical sources about her martyrdom, but there is considerable literary, archaeological, and liturgical evidence.

The hagiographic tradition (Hagiogra…

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Milazzo, Vincenza, “Agnes”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2018

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