Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Despite persisting different usages of the term, agrapha (ἄγραφα) are most frequently understood as “unwritten sayings” of Jesus (Christ, Jesus, 01: Survey); unwritten insofar as they have not been written down in any of the four Gospels that were later to be considered and classified as “canonical.” Among the main sources for the study of agrapha one may therefore count all early Christian texts (c. 1st–8th cents. CE), be they currently labeled as “patristic,” “apocryphal,” “hereti…

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Tripaldi, Daniele, “Agrapha”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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